2.2 Study Design The study subjects were randomly assigned to one of six administration sequences, each consisting of three treatment periods separated by a washout period of
at least 7 days in duration. The subjects were allocated a 4-digit randomization number, starting at 1001, immediately prior to the predose pharmacokinetic blood draw after eligibility was determined. At least six subjects were to be randomized to each of the six possible treatment sequences (1: GXR, MPH, GXR + MPH; 2: GXR, GXR + MPH, MPH; 3: MPH, GXR, GXR + MPH; 4: MPH, GXR + MPH, YM155 GXR; 5: GXR + MPH, GXR, MPH; 6: GXR + MPH, MPH, GXR). The study medication was administered at a clinical research center that was supervised by clinical staff. The subjects were required to fast for approximately 10 h prior to the administration of each dose of study medication. All study medication was given with water in the
morning. A moderate-fat lunch was provided 4 h after dose administration. The subjects were confined at the center Saracatinib concentration during each treatment period and remained there until all discharge procedures were completed, approximately 72 h after the subjects received the treatment. 2.3 Pharmacokinetic and Safety Assessments Vital signs were monitored, blood samples collected, and ECG data obtained before administration of the study medication for each treatment period. Guanfacine, dexmethylphenidate (d-MPH), and l-methylphenidate (l-MPH) levels were measured in plasma produced from blood samples BIBF 1120 research buy collected predose and at 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, 3.0, 4.0, 6.0, 8.0, 12, 24, 30, 48, and 72 h postdose. Immediately after blood collection, the blood samples were kept on ice until they were centrifuged, within 30 min following the blood draw. Plasma concentrations
of guanfacine, d-MPH, and l-MPH were measured using liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry (LC–MS/MS) detection methods that were validated for the quantitation of guanfacine, d-MPH, and l-MPH in human K3-EDTA plasma. The method utilized a liquid-liquid extraction procedure prior to LC–MS/MS analysis. The stable isotope-labeled compounds guanfacine (13C15N3) and MPH-D9 were used below as the internal standards for guanfacine and d/l-MPH, respectively. For guanfacine, the LC–MS/MS analysis was carried out with a Sciex 4000 mass spectrometer coupled with a Shimadzu liquid chromatography (LC) pump (model LC-10AT) and Perkin-Elmer 200 series autosampler. The chromatographic separation was achieved on a XBridge phenyl, 3.5 μm, 4.60 × 50 mm LC column, with a mobile phase. The mass spectrometer was operated in positive electrospray ionization mode, and the resolution settings used were unit for Q1 and low for Q3. The multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) transition was m/z 246 → 60 for guanfacine, and the MRM transition was m/z 250 → 159 for the internal standard, guanfacine (13C15N3).
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