Enucleation may be oncologically equivalent to resection “

Enucleation may be oncologically equivalent to resection.”
“Kaposi sarcoma is characterized by a proliferation of irregular jagged vascular channels, which partly surround preexisting blood vessels in some areas. This characteristic appearance of a small vessel protruding into an abnormal vascular space has Danusertib manufacturer been termed,,promontory sign”. Cutaneous angiosarcoma (AS) is a malignant vascular neoplasm comprised of a meshwork of anastomosing irregular dilated vessels between collagen bundles and around skin appendages, lined by atypical

endothelial cells. The presence of promontory sign has not been described as a histologic finding in AS. We retrieved all cases of cutaneous AS from the files of Yale Dermatopathology Laboratory between 1990 and 2007. Sixty-six biopsies front 15 patients (7 men and 8 women) were reviewed. The lesions were divided histologically in a patch, plaque, or tumor stage according to the depth of invasion of malignant cells. Forty of the 66 biopsies were from a patch or plaque stage of AS. The remaining 26 biopsies were from tumor stage of AS. In 13 of 40 biopsies (32.5%) of patch

and plaque lesions of AS, promontory sign was identified, seen primarily in the upper reticular dermis. These biopsies were taken from I I patients (6 men and 5 women), ranging in age from 36 to 86 years (median 69). Promontory sign was not found in any of the 26 biopsies of tumor stage AS. The presence of promontory sign has not been emphasized in lesions other than Kaposi sarcoma, but seems to be a feature that is not uncommon in patch/plaque stage AS.”
“Thermal fronts detected BMS-777607 mouse using multiple satellite sensors have been integrated to provide new information on the spatial and seasonal distribution of oceanic fronts in the North Atlantic. The branching of the North Atlantic Current (NAC) as it encounters the Mid-Atlantic Ridge (MAR) is reflected in surface thermal fronts, which

preferentially occur at the Charlie Gibbs Fracture Zone (CGFZ) and several smaller fracture zones. North of the CGFZ there are few thermal fronts, contrasting with the region to the south, where there are Nepicastat inhibitor frequent surface thermal fronts that are persistent seasonally and interannually. The alignment of the fronts confirms that the shallower Reykjanes Ridge north of the CGFZ is more of a barrier to water movements than the ridge to the south. Comparison of front distributions with satellite altimetry data indicates that the MAR influence on deep ocean currents is also frequently exhibited in surface temperature. The improved spatial and temporal resolution of the front analysis has revealed consistent seasonality in the branching patterns. These results contribute to our understanding of the variability of the NAC, and the techniques for visualising oceanic fronts can be applied in other regions to reveal details of surface currents that cannot be resolved using satellite altimetry or in situ measurements. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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