Results: 525 EVAR and 1176 OR for asymptomatic AAA were identifie

Results: 525 EVAR and 1176 OR for asymptomatic AAA were identified. LOS was shorter after EVAR than OR (4 vs. 7 days, p < .001). During primary hospitalization procedure-related complications (12% vs. 6%) and general complications (21% vs. 8%) were more common after OR than EVAR (p < 0.001). The 30-day reintervention rate was higher for OR than EVAR (18% vs. 6%, p < 0.001), but there was no difference in readmissions within 30 days. During follow-up (mean 29 15 months) aneurysm-related complications after EVAR were outweighed by procedure-related complications after OR.

Conclusion: Elective Nutlin-3 order AAA repair in Denmark is overall comparable with international results

and both perioperative and late outcomes after EVAR of elective AAA are better than the results after OR. (C) 2013 European Society for Vascular Surgery. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“The International Headache Society (IHS) defines GM6001 ophthalmoplegic migraine (OM) as recurrent attacks of headache with migrainous characteristics, associated with paresis of one or more ocular

cranial nerves (commonly the third cranial nerve), and in the absence of any demonstrable intracranial lesion other than MRI changes within the affected nerve. According to the IHS criteria, it is diagnosed when at least two attacks with migraine-like headaches are accompanied with, or followed within 4 days of onset by, paresis of one or more of the third, fourth

or sixth cranial nerves. Parasellar, orbital fissure and posterior fossa lesions should be ruled out by appropriate investigations. It is unlikely that OM is a variant of migraine, since the headache often lasts for a week or more and there is a latent period of up to 4 days from the onset of headache to the onset of ophthalmoplegia. Furthermore, in some cases MRI shows gadolinium uptake in the cisternal part of the affected cranial nerve and this suggests that the condition may be a recurrent demyelinating neuropathy. In general, patients demonstrated a: (1) prolonged time for symptom resolution to occur (median time 3 weeks); (2) tendency for recurrent episodes to have more severe and persistent find more nerve involvement; (3) evidence of permanent neurological sequelae with recurrent episodes (30% of patients); (4) rapid improvement and shortened duration with corticosteroid therapy and; (5) transient, reversible MRI contrast enhancement of the affected cranial nerve (86% of patients). Different pathogenetic mechanisms, which include compressive, ischemic and inflammatory, have been suggested for OM. Here, a 15-year-old Ethiopian with recurrent attacks of headache and third nerve palsy is presented. The subsequent discussion focuses on current evidences with regard to the clinical characteristics, possible pathogenetic mechanisms and treatment. Finally, a brief discussion of the situation in Africa will be presented.

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