5) were spotted onto M9 glucose agar plates. The cells
were incubated for 24 h at 37°C (∆dnaK mutants) or 42°C (protease-minus mutants). Despite an accelerated growth, the Y229∆dnaK KPT-8602 mouse mutant strain did not achieve the Angiogenesis inhibitor same growth rate as the dnaK + parental strain (Figure 4), potentially reflecting increased misfolding and the aggregation of other proteins in the absence the DnaK chaperone. We also examined the viability of serially diluted WE∆dnaK and Y229∆dnaK cultures at 37°C and confirmed the accelerated growth of the stabilized MetA mutant Y229∆dnaK (Figure 4). At 42°C, the non-permissive growth temperature for the ∆dnaK mutants, no growth occurred, even in the presence of the stabilized A-1155463 ic50 MetA mutants (data not shown). Partial recovery of the impaired growth of protease-null mutants by the stabilized MetAs Previous findings have revealed that the temperature-dependent unfolding of MetA resulted in the proteolysis of this enzyme . Aggregated MetA is degraded by a combination of the ATP-dependent cytosolic proteases Lon, ClpPX/PA and HslVU, particularly at higher temperatures . Because MetA is an inherently unstable protein, we reasoned that aggregated MetAs should be degraded by intracellular proteases and that protease-minus mutant, unable to degrade aggregated MetAs,
would display hampered growth. The stabilized MetAs displaying higher in vivo stability would improve the growth of E. coli protease-negative mutants. The triple protease-deficient mutants WE(P-), L124(P-) and Y229(P-) were constructed and cultured at 42°C in M9 glucose-defined medium. Kanemori et al. demonstrated the temperature-sensitive growth of the triple protease-deficient E. coli mutant KY2266 at 42°C. As shown in Figure 4, the mutant Y229(P-) exhibited an increased specific growth rate (μ) of 0.25 h-1 compared with a growth rate of 0.096 h-1 Glutathione peroxidase for the control strain WE(P-). The growth rate of L124(P-) was similar to that of Y229(P-) (Additional file 5: Table S3). These
results indicate that the growth defect of the protease-deficient mutant might be a consequence of increased accumulation of the aggregated MetA proteins. Previously, Biran et al. showed that the native MetA was stabilized in the cells of triple deletion mutant lon, clpP, hslVU. However, these authors did not identify which protein fraction, soluble or insoluble, contained the MetA. Apparently, an excess of the MetA synthesized at elevated temperatures in a proteolysis-minus background leads to the accumulation of insoluble aggregates that are toxic to the cells and inhibit bacterial growth. Therefore, we examined the in vivo aggregation of the wild-type and mutated MetA enzymes in heat-stressed protease-deficient cells. The relative amounts of MetA insoluble aggregates in the stabilized I124L and I229Y mutants were reduced to 59% and 44%, respectively, compared with wild-type MetA (Additional file 6: Figure S4).