Although many reports have been reported on the rGO sensing devic

Although many reports have been reported on the rGO sensing devices, it is still a great challenge to develop chemiresistive sensors based on rGO with miniature, low-cost, and portable characteristics. In order to fabricate

chemiresistive sensors based on nanomaterial, there are generally two main methods. One is to deposit nanomaterial on substrates followed by patterning electrodes on top of sensing materials [34]. However, the process is complicated and requires exquisite skills. The other fascinating method is to drop-cast nanomaterial solution onto the pre-patterned electrode surfaces [29, 35]. This technique is facile, less expensive with higher yields, since it can be operated in solution, which benefits for the large-scale fabrication of the sensing devices. However, drop-casting method is very hard to ensure the reproducibility of the fabricated devices, which needs to be improved and applied in the realistic detection fields. Herein, we report Selleck HDAC inhibitor a facile and controllable self-assembly technique to fabricate rGO sensors, which could be

used as an excellent NH3 gas sensing device. Negative GO sheets with large sizes (>10 μm) can be easily electrostatically attracted onto positive Au electrodes modified C188-9 in vivo with cysteamine hydrochloride in aqueous solution. The assembled GO sheets on Au electrodes can be directly reduced into rGO sheets by hadrazine or pyrrole vapor and consequently provide the sensing devices based on self-assembled rGO sheets. In addition, pyrrole-vapor-reduced rGO-based sensor exhibits excellent response to NH3. We expect the easy, reproducible, green, and scalable fabrication of the sensors based on rGO reduced by pyrrole, with excellent performance, miniature,

low-cost, and portable characteristics, can pave a new avenue for the application of assembled rGO devices in gas sensing field. Methods Materials The natural graphite (32 meshes) used in this study was obtained from Qingdao Jinrilai Co. Ltd, Qingdao, China. Pyrrole was obtained from Shanghai Chemical Reagents Co. Ltd. (Shanghai, China) and purified by distillation. Pre-determined NH3 gas (1 ppm) mixed with air was purchased from Beijing Beiyang Special Gases Institute Co. Ltd. (Beijing, China). Concentrated ammonia solution (25 wt.%) and all of other chemicals (analytical reagent grade) Urocanase were purchased from Shanghai Chemical Reagents Co. Ltd. (Shanghai, China) and were used without further purification. All of organic solvents were purified by distillation. Self-assembly of GO sheets on Au electrodes GO sheets with large sizes were prepared Selleckchem Q VD Oph similar to the method reported by Zhao et al. [36]. Large-size GO aqueous solution with the concentration at 2.5 mg/mL was prepared by mild sonication (80 W for 5 min) and stored for the further self-assembly process. The standard microfabrication procedures were exploited to obtain the Au electrodes according to the method illustrated by us before [37].

In a contrary, (Aul et al 1999) suggested a primary role for IgG

In a contrary, (Aul et al. 1999) suggested a primary role for IgG in various subjects with respiratory reactions to isocyanates. Also, others have documented IgG antibodies in patients with occupational

asthma (Hur et al. 2008). Bernstein (Bernstein et al. 1993) recognized 3 MDI-asthma cases in 243 workers exposed to low MDI levels and detected both sIgG and sIgE binding to MDI-HSA in 2 out of 3 diagnosed isocyanate asthma cases (unfortunately, no original antibody levels were provided by the authors). There is a difference, however, between this study, in Rigosertib molecular weight which currently exposed factory workers were screened and our study aiming to proof the diagnostic values of antibody testing for patients with already presumed asthma diagnosis. The most, analyzed this website collectives differ in the intensity of the symptoms, and the authors have applied in-solution conjugates, which appear to be at least 5-times less sensitive. The same group has analyzed later 9 exposed workers and 9 non-exposed control subjects and suggested that IgG might be a primary marker of isocyanate exposure rather than a diagnostic marker for isocyanate asthma (Lushniak et al. 1998). In our

test group, two patients with diagnosed mTOR inhibitor clinical asthma had elevated specific IgG antibodies in the absence of a specific IgE signal, one isocyanate asthma patient showed neither IgE nor IgG antibodies specific for MDI-HSA. (Vandenplas et al. 1993) described hypersensitivity pneumonitis-like responses in 2 out of 9 wood chip board workers applying MDI. The authors showed comprehensive diagnosis with detailed clinical parameter survey; unfortunately, they did not provide detailed information on the laboratory analysis precluding any Anidulafungin (LY303366) data comparison. (Hur et al. 2008) analyzed 58 car upholstery workers currently exposed to MDI and reported 5 isocyanate asthma and 2 MDI-induced hypersensitivity pneumonitis cases. The authors measured sIgG antibodies in 8 and sIgE antibodies in 4 workers and showed further that the prevalence of specific IgG antibodies to

MDI-HSA conjugate was higher (20.7 %) than for sIgE antibodies (8.6 %). Again, the study was designed to screen currently exposed subjects in a field study. We could not confirm that low sIgG levels may provide a good marker for the MDI exposure, since in our control group not only 1 out of 6, but also two control subjects (without isocyanate exposure) showed positive sIgG results. On the other hand, we cannot rule out that IgG might be an exposure marker; further studies with both well-characterized patients and assay methods are needed to draw firm conclusions. Immunological analysis We have observed here that improved IgE assay may enhance the diagnostic sensitivity for individual patients. High IgE binding using in-vapor HDI and TDI conjugates has been shown by others (Wisnewski 2007; Campo et al.

Protein matches with significant (p < 0 05) Mowse Scores and ≥ 2

Protein matches with significant (p < 0.05) Mowse Scores and ≥ 2 matching peptides were regarded as possible candidates for identification. 2) Annotation of uncharacterised proteins was based on sequence homology to characterised Swiss-Prot proteins using BlastP. Proteins were given a full annotation if they had > 80% sequence identity to a characterised Swiss-Prot protein or a putative annotation if they had 50-80% sequence identity to a characterised protein. Remaining proteins were assigned a “”predicted”" function if InterPro domains were predicted using

InterProScan. 3) Observed mass on reference gel calibrated with molecular weight standards (14.4-97.4 kDa). 4) The spot is most likely a fragment as the retrieved peptides were localized in one of the ends of the protein sequence. 5) Mass above or below calibration range 6) The protein is predicted to contain MCC950 in vivo a signal peptide. 7) The protein is predicted to be glycosylated. Table 4 Identified proteins with lower levels on medium with starch + lactate Protein Spot Identification1 Expression Annotation 2 Id. Mass kDa 3 Database Acc. no. Mass kDa pI MP Score SC % Cl. no. Profile Aldehyde dehydrogenase 6605 53 Swis-Prot P41751 54 6.0 10 908

34 37 Aldehyde dehydrogenase 6615 52 Swis-Prot P41751 54 6.0 7 646 20 38 Beta-glucosidase 1 precurser 6360 1305 HDAC inhibitor NCBInr Q30BH9 94 4.7 5 267 6 36 Fructose-biphosphate aldolase 6766 39 NCBInr A2QDL0 40 5.5 8 697 28 37 Predicted estherase/lipase/thioesterase 6451 82 NCBInr A2QTP5 84 5.4 9 543 18 37 Predicted fumaryl-acetoacetate hydrolase 6663 47 NCBInr A2QIN6 45 5.2 6 611 24 38 Predicted

glutathione-S-transferase 6952 27 NCBInr A2R874 24 5.1 5 391 31 37 Predicted NAD-dependant epimerase/dehydratase 6707 43 NCBInr A2R992 38 5.7 7 397 26 38 Predicted ribose/galactose isomerase 7035 18 NCBInr A2QCB3 17 7.7 7 593 61 36 Predicted Zn-containing alcohol dehydrogenase 6718 42 NCBInr A2QAN5 39 5.8 4 298 19 38 Putative 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate deaminase 6715 42 NCBInr Cross sp. Q7S3B7 39 5.8 2 115 11 38 Putative glutamate carboxypeptidase-like 6609 53 NCBInr A2QY36 53 5.2 12 811 29 38 Putative HIT family protein 1 7091 135 NCBInr PD184352 (CI-1040) A2QLN7 15 6.3 3 227 40 37 Putative H-transporting two sec tor ATPase subunit F, vacuolar 7083 14 NCBInr A2QCE6 14 5.3 4 340 44 37 Putative NADH ubiquinone reductase, 40 kDa subunit, mitochondrial 6738 41 NCBInr A2QSH0 43 6.7 5 307 17 38 Putative peroxiredoxin pmp20, peroxisomal membrane 7031 18 NCBInr A2R6R3 18 5.6 5 431 37 38 Superoxide dismutase Cu-Zn, cytoplasmic 7046 17 Swiss-Prot A2QMY6 16 5.9 5 323 38 36 Ubiquitin-like protein 7113 115 NCBInr A2QKN1 9 5.8 5 272 60 37 Uncharacterised protein 7002 21 NCBInr A2QLX7 20 6.1 7 592 55 8 Uncharacterised protein 7074 154 NCBInr A2QBG0 34 5.1 6 609 24 38 See legend and notes to table 3.

The corresponding SAR values

The corresponding SAR values #NVP-LDE225 chemical structure randurls[1|1|,|CHEM1|]# of as-synthesized samples could be calculated by the formula [36] (5) where (dT/dt)0 is the initial slope of the T-t curve, C w is the specific heat of water, C FeCo is the specific heat of FeCo nanoparticles, m w is the mass fraction of water in the fluid, and m FeCo is the mass fraction of FeCo nanoparticles in the fluid. The (dT/dt)0 values were calculated by differentiating the second-order polynomial fit of T-t curves at t = 0 where C w and C FeCo are 4,190 J (kg K)-1[36] and 120.11 J (kg K)-1[37]. Figure 9 Inductive properties of FeCo magnetic nanofluids. (a) Temperature rise of magnetic fluid as a function of time under AC magnetic field at various nanoparticle

sizes (f = 120 kHz). (b) Obtained temperature as a function of H c and M s. (c) Matched dependence of SAR and H c on the nanoparticle size. As seen from Figure  9a, the temperature increases with time and saturates after 1,800 s has elapsed, showing a behavior predicted by the Box-Lucas Equation T(t) = A(1 - e-Bt) which is often used for describing the alternating magnetic field properties ubiquitin-Proteasome system of magnetic nanoparticles [36]. It is also seen that the generated heat and specific absorption rate of nanoparticles increase with increasing of the nanoparticle

size such that for the W4 sample with a mean size of 5.5 nm, a temperature rise of 23 K was obtained compared with that of the W3, W2, and W1 samples (11, 4, and 2.5 K) (Table  4). In order to destroy tumor cells, the local temperature should be raised between

5 and 9 K [15]. Thus, at this frequency which is the conventional clinical frequency, only W4 and W3 samples could be used as suitable thermoseeds with corresponding Non-specific serine/threonine protein kinase temperature rises of 23 and 11 K. Table 4 Inductive properties of prepared magnetic fluids Sample Mean size (nm) Temp. rise (°C) SAR (W g-1) (experimental) SAR (W g-1) (SW model) SAR (W g-1) (LRT) W1 2 2.5 0.032 – - W2 2.5 4 0.129 – - W3 4 11 0.522 165 ≈0.84 × 10-3 W4 5.5 23 1.434 540 ≈11 × 10-3 Figure  9b indicates a direct relation of temperature rise with H c and M s which means that the generated heat increases by enhancing the hysteresis area, showing an important contribution of hysteresis loss to the generated heat. Also, as observed from Figure  9c, the tendency of SAR to change with particle size is perfectly matched to the tendency of H c values. This is due to the fact that there is a central parameter which determines both the coercivity and maximum achievable SAR and also controls the influence of the size distribution of nanoparticles on the SAR [17]. This parameter is the anisotropy of nanoparticles which has the following optimum value that results in the largest possible SAR for random orientation nanoparticles [17]: (6) Considering H max = 20 (kA m-1), the value of K opt for W4 and W3 samples will be 1.05 × 105 (J m-3) and 5.78 × 104 (J m-3), respectively.

maltophilia strains

maltophilia strains isolated from CF patients were shown Tozasertib in vitro to be able, although with striking differences, to adhere to and form learn more biofilm on polystyrene [20]. Since information on the ability of S. maltophilia to grow as biofilm in CF airway tissues is scarce, in the study described in this paper we evaluated, by quantitative assays and microscopic analysis (scanning electron and confocal laser microscopy), the ability of CF S. maltophilia strains to adhere, invade and form biofilm on CF-derived IB3-1 bronchial epithelial cell monolayers. Moreover, the role of flagella in adhesiveness on IB3-1 epithelial cells was also evaluated

by the construction of two independent S. maltophiia fliI deletion mutants that were used to infect cultured monolayers. Some of the results of the present study have been previously presented in the form of an abstract at the 18th European Congress of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases [21]. Results S. maltophilia is able to adhere to and form biofilm on IB3-1 cell monolayers We used IB3-1 human bronchial CF-derived cells to investigate the ability of S. maltophilia to adhere to and form biofilm. Confluent IB3-1 cell monolayers were independently infected with the 12 CF-derived S. maltophilia strains chosen for this study (Table 1); both the adhesiveness and the ability to form biofilm were measured by determining the number (cfu) of bacteria 2 and

24 hours post-infection, respectively. Growth curves, obtained with bacteria grown in AZD1480 trial MH broth, showed no significant differences in the mean generation time between isolates (mean ± SD: 3.35 ± 0.39 hours). Table 1 Microbiological features of S. maltophilia OBGTC strains (n = 12) used in this study. Strain Patient agea Co-isolated with: Chronic lung infection isolateb Past P. aeruginosa infection OBGTC5 oxyclozanide 13 Pa, Ca – + OBGTC9 17 Sa + + OBGTC10 13 only + – OBGTC20 11 Pa + + OBGTC26 11 only – - OBGTC31 16 Pa, Sa + + OBGTC37 3 only – NA OBGTC38 9 Sa – + OBGTC44 16 Pa + + OBGTC49 5 NA + + OBGTC50 10 NA + + OBGTC52 25 only + + Caption and Abbreviations:aAges shown are in years at the time of strain isolation.

b Chronic infection is defined as the presence of two or more positive cultures for S. maltophilia in a year. Pa: P. aeruginosa; Ca: C. albicans; Sa: S. aureus; NA, not available. All S. maltophilia strains tested were able to adhere to IB3-1 cells after 2 hours of incubation, with significantly different levels of adhesiveness among the strains (Figure 1A). S. maltophilia strains OBGTC9 and OBGTC10 showed the highest levels of adhesiveness (5.6 ± 1.2 × 106 and 5.0 ± 1.1 × 106 cfu chamber-1, respectively; P > 0.05), significantly higher if compared to that of the other strains (P < 0.001). Figure 1 Adhesion to and biofilm formation on IB3-1 cell monolayer of clinical isolates of S. maltophilia from CF patients. A. Adhesion levels of S. maltophilia to IB3-1 cell monolayers.

Figure 4 Changes in caspases expression levels in vitro Apoptoti

Figure 4 Changes in caspases Trichostatin A concentration expression levels in vitro. Apoptotic genes expression in the studied cohorts of patients There

was a significant difference in the RNA expression level of both Bcl-xL and Bcl-2 genes between HCC and CH (26%, 80% versus 0%, 59%; respectively, p < 0.0001, = 0.0068). As well as between HCC cases and normal distant tumor (NDT) (p < 0.001) (Figure 5). Similarly, a selleck chemicals significant difference was found in the Bak gene expression between HCC and CH patients (69% versus 47%, p = 0.0025) as well as between HCC and NDT (p < 0.0001). The FasL was significantly expressed in CH compared to HCC (47% versus 23%, p < 0.001). None of the CH cases studied revealed Bcl-xL gene expression. Figure 5 The expression level of the apoptotic genes in the different studied groups. NB: CH = Chronic hepatitis, HCC = Hepatocelullar carcinoma, NAT = Normal distant to tumor. Apoptotic proteins expression Positive immunostaining for Bcl-2, Bcl-xL, Fas and FasL proteins was detected in 29 (85.9%), 12 (34.3%), 21 (60%) and 9 (25.7%) the MK-8776 in vitro studied samples of the 35 HCC cases examined compared to 18 (52.9%), 0 (0%), 18 (52.9%) and 18 (52.9%) of samples of the 34 CH cases; respectively. The concordance

between immunohistochemistry and RT-PCR ranged from 86% to 94% (Figure 6). Figure 6 Cases of chronic hepatitis (CH) and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Data from cases of CH showing (A) high membranous expression of FasL, (B) moderate cytoplasmic expression of FAS and (C) moderate cytoplasmic expression of Bcl-2. Cases of HCC showing (D) High membranous expression of FasL, (E) Marked expression of FAS, (F) high expression of Bcl-2, and (G) Marked expression of Bcl2 in tumor tissues with

loss of expression in adjacent non neoplastic region. Scale bar = 100 μm (A, Avelestat (AZD9668) C, D, G) and 200 μm (B, E, F). Clinical correlations In HCC cases, Fas-RNA and protein expression were significantly associated with the presence of cirrhosis (p = 0.0027) and with poorly differentiated tumors (p < 0.0001). Bak gene expression was significantly associated with the presence of invasion (p = 0.05), absence of cirrhosis (p < 0.0001) and with well differentiated tumors (p < 0.0001). The expression level of Bcl-2-RNA and protein was significantly associated with poorly differentiated tumors (p < 0.0001) (Table 4). Table 4 Correlation between gene expression and clinicopathological features in hepatocellular carcinoma cases. Variable N = 35 (%) Bak N = 24 (%) Fas N = 19 (%) FasL N = 8 (%) Bcl-2 N = 28 (%) Bcl-xL N = 9 (%) Age (mean ± SD)           57 ± 10.

001) and collagen I (ANOVA p = 0 04) Results are expressed as ab

001) and collagen I (ANOVA p = 0.04). Results are expressed as absorbance at 405 nm with a reference wavelength of 620 nm. Data shown is mean ± standard deviation (n = 3). Student’s t -test; p ≤ 0.05*, 0.01**, 0.005***. The more invasive Clone #3, displays significantly decreased adhesion to matrigel (p = 0.01), laminin (p = 0.02), fibronectin (p = 0.01) and collagen type IV (p = 0.01) compared to the parental cell line (Fig 2B). In contrast a significant increase in adhesion was observed to collagen type I (p = 0.003), although the level of adhesion to the collagens was significantly KPT 330 lower than that to fibronectin or laminin. The less invasive Clone

#8, showed significantly increased adhesion to matrigel (p = 0.04) and laminin (p = 0.002). Adhesion to fibronectin and collagen type I were also increased, but not significantly and adhesion to collagen type IV was decreased significantly (p = 0.001) for Clone #8. Anoikis and anchorage-independent growth The evaluation of survival in suspension (anoikis) showed that Clone #3 was resistant to anoikis compared to the parental cell line, although this difference did not reach statistical significance (p = 0.07). Clone #8 demonstrated a significant sensitivity to anoikis (p = 0.02) compared

to the parental cell line, MiaPaCa-2 (Fig 3A). Anchorage-independent growth was assessed using the soft agar assay. MiaPaCa-2 showed Fedratinib mouse colony formation with an average colony

size of 75 μm and percentage colony forming efficiency (% CFE) of 48%; Clone #3 formed more and larger colonies with an AZD8186 average buy U0126 size of 120 μm and a %CFE of 69%. In contrast, Clone #8 (low invasion and high adhesion), showed significantly reduced ability (32% CFE) to form colonies (p = 0.006) and the average size of colonies was 60 μm (Fig 3B). Figure 3 A. Percentage survival of MiaPaCa-2, Clones #3 and Clone #8 in suspension compared to adherent cells, ANOVA ( p = 0.002). B. Percentage colony formation efficiency (%CFE) of MiaPaCa-2, Clone #3 and Clone #8 under anchorage-independent growth conditions, ANOVA (p = 0.02). Data shown is mean ± standard deviation (n = 3). Student’s t -test; p ≤ 0.05*, 0.01**, 0.005***. Integrin expression Significant changes in invasion and adhesion to fibronectin and laminin were observed in the sub-populations. Therefore, expression of integrins β1, α5 and α6, which are associated with adhesion to laminin and fibronectin were examined in the cell lines, by immunoblotting (Fig 4A-C). Beta-actin used as loading control (Fig 4D). Compared to MiaPaCa-2, Clone #8 showed higher expression of integrins β1 and α5. Low levels of α6 were detected in Clone #8, while it was undetectable in the parental MiaPaCa-2 cells. Lower levels of each of the integrins were detected in Clone #3 compared to Clone #8. Figure 4 Immunoblot of A. Integrin β1 B. Integrin α5 C. Integrin α6 and D.

The nature of these compounds

is still unknown, but dival

The nature of these compounds

is still unknown, but divalent anions such as sulfates are suspected. As seen in previous work with other mutacins, purification yields were low (Table 1) and additional chromatographic steps will be necessary to improve yields and purity. The higher concentration of methanol used to recover mutacin D-123.1 suggests that the peptide is more hydrophobic than mutacin F-59.1. SBE-��-CD nmr collected samples of pure mutacin D-123.1 were very viscous because they probably retain part of the polymeric sugars from the agarose. However, with the methods used here, sufficient amounts of the substances were collected to carry out a preliminary characterisation of the peptides but the evaluation of their antibacterial LY411575 mw spectrum was somewhat Epacadostat in vitro restricted. The sequence of mutacin F-59.1 (25 residues) was shorter than the

generally recognised size for pediocin-like bacteriocins which is between 37 and 48 residues [2, 13]. This may be due to peptidase activity of the strain. Fifty three peptidases or peptidase homologues are found in the genome of S. mutans UA159 using the MEROPS database [17, 18]http://​merops.​sanger.​ac.​uk. The pediocin-like bacteriocin sequence could thus be a substrate in its 25th position for many of these peptidases. MALDI-TOF MS analysis revealed a major peak with an isotopic mass [M+H]+ of 2720 Da for mutacin F-59.1 (Figure 4). This mass represents the lowest reported mass for an active naturally-produced

pediocin-like bacteriocin after the study of Bhunia et al. [19]. The length of mutacin F-59.1 was sufficient to confer antimicrobial activity against several bacterial genera including Bacillus spp., Enterococcus spp., Lactococcus spp., Micrococcus spp., Listeria spp., and Streptococcus spp. (Table 2). Salvucci et al. [20] Dipeptidyl peptidase reported activity of short peptides derived from the NH2-terminus of enterocin CRL35 and other class IIa bacteriocins, suggesting that the C-terminus of pediocin-like bacteriocins is not essential for their inhibitory activity. Also, an active antimicrobial region in the NH2-terminus of this class of bacteriocin was identified by a bioinformatic approach [21]. The C-terminus section is known to confer specificity in the activity spectra of class IIa bacteriocins and to interact with their cognate immunity proteins [22]. Pediocin-like bacteriocins are unstructured in an aqueous solution and become structured when in contact with membrane-mimicking entities [2]. The electrostatic distribution along the molecule is highly polarized with most of the cationic residues concentrated in the N-terminal region.

The UV-vis spectra of the samples were recorded on a UV-vis spect

The UV-vis spectra of the samples were recorded on a UV-vis spectrophotometer (UV4802, Unico, Dayton, NJ, USA). XRD patterns have been obtained using a Bruker AXS D8 diffractometer with a monochromatic Cu-Kα radiation source (λ = 0.15418 nm); the scan range (2θ) was 5° to 70°. TEM measurements were performed on a TEM instrument (JEOL model

2100, JEOL Ltd., Tokyo, Japan). The photocatalytic LXH254 activities of PEDOT and PEDOT/ZnO nanocomposites were performed using MB dyes as degraded materials in quartz tubes Alisertib in vivo under UV light and natural sunlight irradiation. FSL MW1-Y15 was used as the irradiation source (λ = 254 nm) located in a light-infiltrated chamber. According to the previous report [35], a 40-mL (1 × 10-5 M) dye solution (MB) was mixed with a desired amount of catalysts (0.4 mg/mL). Before irradiation, the suspension was stirred magnetically for 30 min in dark conditions until adsorption-desorption equilibrium

was established, and then, the suspensions were irradiated by light sources with stirring. Under natural sunlight investigations, all experiments were done inside the laboratory in an open atmosphere in the month of June. The photodegradation efficiency (R,%) was calculated by the use of the equation R = [C 0 - C/C 0], where C 0 represents the concentration of the dye before illumination and C denotes the concentration of the dye after a certain irradiation time, respectively. Results and discussion Fourier transform SB273005 infrared spectroscopy

Figure 1 shows the FTIR spectra of PEDOT and PEDOT/ZnO nanocomposites. As can be seen in Figure 1, the main characteristic bands of composites are identical to that of PEDOT. The bands at approximately 1,510 and 1,310 cm-1 are assigned to the asymmetric stretching mode of C = C and the inter-ring stretching mode of C-C [36], respectively. The bands at approximately 1,200, 1,135, and 1,085 cm-1 are attributed to the C-O-C Urease bending vibration in ethylenedioxy [37]. The bands at approximately 970, 915, 825, and 685 cm-1 are the characteristic bands of stretching vibrations of the C-S-C bond in the thiophene ring [38]. However, there are no characteristic peaks corresponding to the nano-ZnO in the composites, and this phenomenon is similar to the previously reported polyaniline/ZnO(30 wt%), in which there is no characteristic peak for ZnO [39]. Figure 1 FTIR spectra of PEDOT and PEDOT/ZnO nanocomposites prepared from different weight percentages of nano-ZnO. UV-vis spectra Figure 2 gives the UV-vis absorption spectra of PEDOT and PEDOT/ZnO nanocomposites in NMP.

Hum Pathol 1973, 4: 251–63 CrossRefPubMed 9 Fruhwirth J, Kock G,

Hum Pathol 1973, 4: 251–63.CrossRefPubMed 9. Fruhwirth J, Kock G, Hauser S, Gutschi S, Beham A, Kainz J: Paragagliomas of the carotid

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