In order to study the relevance of the inflammation
in the pathogenesis of AAA in vivo other PET tracers need to be investigated. (C) 2013 European Society for Vascular Surgery. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a chronic anxiety disorder. While medication and psychotherapy advances have been very helpful to patients, many patients do not respond adequately to initial trials of serotonergic medication or cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and require multiple treatment BIIB057 inhibitor trials or combination therapies. Comorbidity may also influence treatment response. The role of streptococcal infections in pediatric OCD has become an area of intense scrutiny and controversy. In this article, current treatment methods for OCD will be reviewed, with special attention to strategies for treating OCD in children and in patients with comorbid learn more tic disorders. Alternative psychotherapy strategies for patients who are highly anxious about starting CBT, such as cognitive therapy or augmentation with D-cycloserine, will be reviewed. Newer issues regarding use of antibiotics, neuroleptics, and glutamate modulators in OCD treatment will also be explored.”
“Introduction: The aim of this study was to analyse early and follow-up
results of the treatment of popliteal artery aneurysms (PAAs) performed with open surgical repair or with endovascular exclusion with endografts in a multicentric retrospective registry involving seven Italian vascular centres.
Materials and methods: We retrospectively collected data concerning 178 open surgical interventions (OR group) and 134 endovascular exclusions (ER group) for PAAs performed between January 2000 and December 2011. Early and follow-up results were analysed in terms of mortality, graft patency, reintervention and limb preservation.
Results: OR patients were more frequently symptomatic (64%, 115 cases) than patients in the ER group (34%, 51 cases; p < 0.001), had more frequently acute limb ischaemia (23% and 6.5%, respectively; p < 0.001) and had more frequently a run-off score <2 (39% and 26%, respectively,
p = 0.03). In the OR group there were no perioperative deaths; six thromboses (3.3%) and AZD6738 PI3K/Akt/mTOR inhibitor one amputation occurred. In the ER group mortality was 1.5%; 13 thromboses (9.7%) and one amputation (0.5%) occurred. Mean duration of follow-up was 30.6 +/- 27.5 months. In the OR group primary and secondary patency, freedom from reintervention and limb preservation rates at 48 months were 63.5% (standard error (SE) 0.05), 76.5% (SE 0.05), 72.5% (SE 0.06) and 89.7% (SE 0.05), respectively. The corresponding figures in the ER group were 73.4% (SE 0.04), 85% (SE 0.04), 75% (SE 0.04) and 97% (SE 0.04), respectively.
Conclusions: In this large multicentric retrospective registry, open and endovascular treatment of PAAs are used in different patients with regard to clinical and anatomical characteristics.