Three random fields per well were examined at 40× magnification, and the values were averaged. The selleck kinase inhibitor pattern/value association criteria for tube formation are: 0, individual cells, well separated; 1, cells beginning to migrate and align themselves; 2, capillary tubes visible without sprouting; 3, sprouting of new capillary tubes; 4, closed polygons beginning to form; and LY3039478 mouse 5, complex meshlikestructures developing. Each well was photographed using an inverted microscope with a digital camera. The images were taken at 10× magnification and the
total lengths of the tubes were measured with Image J (Image Processing Analysis in Java, ver. 1.42; developed by Wayne Rasband, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD; available at http://rsb.info.nih.gov/ij/index.html). Statistical analysis Comparison between the two groups was performed using the student’s t-test. A P value of less than 0.05 was considered significant and a P value of less than 0.01 was considered highly significant. Microsoft® Office Excel 2003 SP3 was used for data analysis. Results Expression of VEGF, bFGF and IL-8 To screen for the expression of angiogenic factors in prostate
cancer cell and its bone metastatic cell, three angiogenic factors in conditioned media were detected with ELISA. The secreted VEGF by the parental LNCap cell line and its derived bone metastatic cell line C4-2B was detected. The production of bone metastastic cell line C4-2B (294.47 ± 31.99 pg/ml) was Amobarbital significantly higher than its parental cell Angiogenesis inhibitor line LNCap (204.40 ± 23.32 pg/ml, P = 0.016). The secreted bFGF and IL-8 protein were not detected in bone metastatic cell line C4-2B and its paretental LNCap cell line by EILSA. Bevacizumab suppressed VEGF from C4-2B and microvessel cells To determine the concentration of bevacizumab needed for neutralizing the secreted VEGF by bone metastatic prostate cancer C4-2B cell line, ELISAs were performed to measure the levels of VEGF in conditioned media in C4-2B
and C4-2B co-cultured with microvessel cells under bevacizumab or control IgG treatment. The level of VEGF from cells with bevacizumab or control IgG treatment is shown in Figure 1. The level of VEGF secreted by human bone metastatic prostate cancer C4-2B cell line co-cultured with microvessel cells was much greater than that secreted by C4-2B only. Both 10 and 100 μg/ml bevacizumab decreased the level of VEGF secreted by C4-2B, compared with control IgG. There were significant differences in the VEGF levels between the 10 or 100 ug/ml bevacizumab and control IgG (P < 0.01). Treatment with 100 μg/ml bevacizumab caused a more pronounced decreased in VEGF than treatment with 10 μg/ml bevacizumab. The level of VEGF was significantly increased when tumor cells were co-cultured with vascular endothelium. The levels of VEGF in co-culture media were 5.